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城市设计
地块系统的空间布局和城市多样性 —空间形态中差异性变量的实证研究
拉尔斯·马尔克斯 伊芙热尼娅·波布科娃
Spatial Configuration of Plot Systems and Urban Diversity: Empirical Support for A Differentiation Variable in Spatial Morphology
Lars Marcus, Evgeniya Bobkova
摘要 在本文中,我们把吸引力的度量方法扩展到差异性变量上。把对斯德哥尔摩广泛实证研究的结果展现出来,目 的在于为提出描述空间形态差异性的空间变量铺平道路。这个变量会直接影响社会经济多样性。该研究将会对 城市地块系统布局方式的量化指标和运用辛普森多样性指数度量的经济活动类别之间进行相关性分析。本文有 两个研究目的:首先,对多样性概念背后的复杂问题进行概述,其中着重点在于分类和尺度;其次,进行实证 研究,以支持本文对城市多样性差异性变量所产生影响的猜想。
关键词 空间布局地块系统差异性多样性经济活动    
Abstract:In this paper we extend measurement of attractions to the variable of differentiation. We present results from an extensive empirical study of Stockholm, in the aim to pave the way towards a spatial variable of differentiation in spatial morphology, with direct impact on socio-economic diversity. The investigation concerns a correlation analysis between, on the one hand, measures of the configuration of plot systems, and on the other hand, categories of economic activity, measured using Simpson Diversity Index.The twofold aim of the paper includes first, presenting an overview of complex issues behind diversity concept with the focus on categorisation and scale, and second, empirical studies that support the proposed impact of variable of differentiation on urban diversity.
Key wordsSpatial configuration    Plot systems    Differentiation    Diversity    Economic activity
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