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回归本源 —面向本科生的通用空间句法准则
马克·大卫·梅杰 露西·多尼根
Back to Basics: Generalising Space Syntax Principles for Undergraduate Students
Mark David Major, Lucy Donegan
摘要 空间句法理论与方法旨在理解建筑环境研究中空间与社会模式之间的关系,并在专业的实践中帮助开发基于证据的 设计方法。这是一个有时会因各种各样的术语和测度指标而被认为很难理解的国际研究计划。因此,在空间句法社 群中,经常出现的一个问题是“如何向本科生教授空间句法”,尤其是对于那些积极参与建筑设计项目教育的学生, 其主要输出的形式是产品设计,而非研究结果。在这些技术中,有一些由在这个领域耕耘了数十年的研究人员开发, 并应用在设计工作坊的教育中,其中的许多技术方法构成了当今某些空间句法表示的基本起源。空间句法的原则和 方法可以通过改编以及与建筑和城市分析的其他技术相关联来简化,从而与更广泛的受众进行交流,并着重于评估 人与空间之间的关系。本文通过在卡塔尔和巴西分享不同的教学经验来思考这个问题:前者在建筑工作室,而后者 在城市设计工作室。我们认为这些经验为上述问题提供了有成效的解决方法,并有可能帮助学生在其以后的学术和 职业生涯中,理解空间句法领域里更复杂的推理。
关键词 建筑学习形态学教学城市设计    
Abstract:Space syntax theory and methods aim to understand relations between spatial and social patterns in built environment research and help develop evidence-based design approaches in professional practice. It is an international research program sometimes perceived as too difficult to understand because of a diverse variety of terms and measures. Because of this, a recurring question in the space syntax community has been "how to teach space syntax to undergraduate students", especially those actively engaged in architecture design studio education where the primary output is design product, not research findings. Several of these techniques developed by researchers in the field over decades are present in design studio education, many appearing to form the rudimentary origins for some space syntax representations today. Many of the principles and methodologies of space syntax can be adapted and related to other techniques of architectural and urban analysis to simplify and communicate to a wider audience, and focus on valuing relations between people and space. This paper contextualizes the problem by sharing different pedagogic experiences in Qatar and Brazil; the former in an architectural studio exercise and the later in urban design studio. We argue these experiences were fruitful for offering solutions to the above question, and potentially helping ease students into more complex reasoning within the field of space syntax at later date in their academic and professional careers.
Key wordsArchitecture    Learning    Morphology    Teaching    Urban Design
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