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城市设计
老旧住区更新智慧赋能框架及其实施研究
耿 丹 孔 鹏 张宇明
Research on Intelligent Empowerment Framework of Theory and Implementation in Old Residential Areas Renewal
GENG Dan, KONG Peng, ZHANG Yuming
摘要 老旧住区更新是存量更新背景下日益重要的民生工程与发展工程,然而在实践中仍面临严峻困境。智慧赋能手段在住区更新中的应用愈发广泛,具有多方面积极作用。笔者通过对北京、长沙、天津等3座城市15个代表性老旧住区展开实地调研,并与多方主体进行21次访谈,结合文献梳理,提出老旧住区更新智慧赋能框架:老旧住区改造在设施设备老化、公共空间紧缺、服务管理困难这3个方面面临困境,而智慧赋能在设施设备感知调度、公共空间分时共享、服务管理提质提效3个方面具有积极影响。在传统改造手段的配合下,可以有针对性地应对更新中的痛难点。进而,笔者总结了当前在老旧住区智慧赋能具体实施过程中的6项问题,在此基础上提出了多主体合作、全层级联通、全周期连续的住区更新智慧赋能实施机制建议,以期对未来住区更新工作提供启发。
关键词 老旧住区住区更新智慧赋能智慧化建设    
Abstract:Old residential areas are facing serious dilemmas and need effective solutions. Intelligent empowerment in renewal of old residential areas which has many advantages is becoming more and more widespread. Through field research in 15 representative old residential areas in three cities, including Beijing, Changsha and Tianjin, and 21 interviews with different interested parties, the authors raise the intelligent empowerment framework. Old residential areas are facing dilemmas in three aspects: aging facilities and equipment, scarce available space, and high management and service difficulties. In combination with the traditional approach, intelligent empowerment can precisely cope with the dilemmas of old residential areas by providing perceiving and conditioning of facilities and equipment, time-sharing of public space, and superior management and service. On this basis, this paper summarizes six challenges, putting forward proposals for the implementation of intelligent empowerment in the old residential areas renewal with multi-body cooperation, all-level connectivity and whole-cycle continuity.
Key wordsOld residential areas    Old residential areas renewal    Intelligent empowerment    Intelligent construction
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